Saturday, March 31, 2012

Hostem cum fugeret...

Here is today's distich by Martial, 2.80. It is not clear whether Martial is referring to an historical personage or not; if Fannius is historical, no specific testimony about him has survived.

Hostem cum fugeret, se Fannius ipse peremit;
Hic, rogo, non furor est, ne moriare, mori?

Himself he slew, when he the foe would fly:
What madness this, for fear of death to die!
- Hay

The vocabulary is keyed to the DCC Latin Vocabulary list. There are only two words in this poem that are not on the DCC list:

Fannius - proper name
perimo, -ere, perēmī, peremptum - kill, destroy

cum: with (prep. + abl.); when, since, although (conjunction + subj.)
fugio fugere fūgī fugitum: flee, escape
furor -ōris m.: rage, fury
hic, haec, hoc: this; hōc, on this account
hostis -is m./f.: stranger, enemy
ipse, ipsa, ipsum: him- her- itself
morior morī mortuus sum: die
nē: lest, that not
nōn: not
rogo -āre: ask
sui, sibi, sē: him- her- itself
sum, esse, fuī: be, exist