Monday, April 9, 2012

Cum tibi praeponas...

Here is today's distich by Cato (so-called), 4.11, with English translations by Duff and Chase.

Cum tibi praeponas animalia bruta timore,
Unum hominem scito tibi praecipue esse timendum.

Thy fear of beasts declares their rule o'er thee;
Know thou that man alone should dreaded be.

When fear of brute beasts harasses your mind,
Know what you most should dread is human kind.

The vocabulary is keyed to the DCC Latin Vocabulary list. There are three words which are not on the DCC list:

animal, animālis n. - living creature, animal
brūtus -a -um - dull, stupid, brutish
praepōno -ere, praeposuī, praepositum - place in front, prefer

cum: with (prep. + abl.); when, since, although (conjunction + subj.)
homo hominis m.: human being
praecipuus -a -um: special, particular, excellent
scio -īre -īvī/-iī -ītum: know
timeo -ēre -uī: to fear, to dread
timor -ōris m.: fear
tū tuī tibi tē: you (sing.)
ūnus -a -um: one