Saturday, June 2, 2012

Praemium et Poena

176     -     177     -     178

Praemium et Poena
Virtutis sectanda via est, vitiumque fugandum:
Praemia digna bonis, poena parata malis.

Source: Benedictus Iovius (1471-1545), Epigrammata. Meter: Elegiac. Note the parallel construction in the second line: praemia digna (parata) bonis, poena parata malis.

The way of virtue (virtutis via) is to be followed (sectanda est), and vice should be fled (vitiumque fugandum): worthy prizes (praemia digna) are prepared for the good (bonis parata), and punishment for the wicked (poena malis).

The vocabulary is keyed to the DCC Latin Vocabulary list. There is only one word in this poem that is not on the DCC list:

sector, sectārī: follow eagerly, chase, pursue

bonus -a -um: good
dīgnus -a -um: worthy
et: and
fugo -āre: put to flight
malus -a -um: evil
paro -āre: prepare, acquire; parātus -a -um, ready
poena -ae f.: penalty, punishment
praemium -iī n.: bounty, reward
que: and (enclitic)
sum, esse, fuī: be, exist
via -ae f.: way, street
virtūs -ūtis f.: valor, manliness, virtue
vitium -ī n.: flaw, fault, crime

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