Tuesday, July 24, 2012

Rerum Clementia Custos

This poem is from the proverbial distichs of Georgius Carolides (1569-1612), which you can read online at the University of Mannheim.

Rerum Clementia Custos
Si fueris clemens, hostem sine sanguine vinces;
Crudelis, nullo milite tutus eris.

The vocabulary is keyed to the DCC Latin Vocabulary list. There are two words in this poem that are not on the DCC list:

clēmens (clementis): gentle, indulgent, merciful
crūdēlis, -e (crudelis): cruel, savage, heartless

cūstōs, cūstōdis m.: guardian
hostis -is m./f.: stranger, enemy
mīles -itis m.: soldier
nūllus -a -um: not any, no one
rēs reī f.: thing (rēs pūblica, commonwealth; rēs familiāris, family property, estate; rēs mīlitāris, art of war; rēs novae, revolution)
sanguis -inis m.: blood
sī: if
sine: without (+ abl.)
sum, esse, fuī: be, exist
tutus -a -um: safe, protected
vincō vincere vīcī victum: conquer