Sunday, July 15, 2012

Vera Fortitudo

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Vera Fortitudo
Fortior est qui se, quam qui fortissima vincit
   Moenia: sic victor nam minor orbis erit.

Source: A.F. Van Vlaenderen, Epigrammata (1666), 217. Meter: Elegiac.

The vocabulary is keyed to the DCC Latin Vocabulary list. There is only one word in this poem that is not on the DCC list:

fortitūdo (fortitūdinis, f.): strength, courage, valor

He who conquers himself (qui se) is stronger than (fortior est quam) he who conquers the strongest walls (qui fortissima vincit moenia): for thus a conqueror (sic victor nam ) will be a micro-cosmos (minor orbis erit).

fortis -e: brave
minus -oris n.: a smaller number or amount, less; (adv.) minus: to a smaller extent, less
moenia -ium n. pl.: walls, fortifications
nam or namque: for, indeed, really
orbis -is m.: circle; orbis terrārum: world
quam: how?; (after comparative) than
qui quae quod: who, which, what / quis quid: who? what? which?
sīc: in this manner, thus; sīc . . . ut: in the same way as
sui, sibi, sē: him- her- itself
sum, esse, fuī: be, exist
vērus -a -um: true; vērē, truly
victor -ōris m.: conqueror
vincō vincere vīcī victum: conquer