Sunday, April 29, 2012

Dum fortuna tibi est...

Here is today's distich by Cato (so-called), 4.32, with English translations by Duff and Chase.

Dum fortuna tibi est rerum discrimine prava,
Alterius specta cui sit discrimine peior.

When fortune's favor seems not thine, take thought
Of him to whom Dame Fortune less hath brought.

When fortune at a crisis serves thee ill,
Look at that other who is served worse still.

The vocabulary is keyed to the DCC Latin Vocabulary list. There are three words which are not on the DCC list:

discrīmen, discrīminis n. - division, difference, crisis, danger
pēior, pēiōris - worse
prāvus -a -um - vicious, perverse, bad; adv. prave

alter altera alterum: other of two
dum: while (+ indic.); until (+ subj.); provided that (+ subj.)
fortūna -ae f.: fortune
qui, quae, quod: who, which, what; quis quid: who? what? which?
rēs reī f.: thing (rēs pūblica, commonwealth; rēs familiāris, family property, estate; rēs mīlitāris, art of war; rēs novae, revolution)
specto -āre: look at, consider
sum, esse, fuī: be, exist
tū tuī tibi tē: you (sing.)