Sunday, July 22, 2012

Rex Populi Lux Animusque

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Rex Populi Lux Animusque
Quod sol in mundo, cor quodque in corpore, rex est
   In regno, populi lux animusque sui.

Source: Adagiorum Maxime Vulgarium Thesaurus (1730). Meter: Elegiac. Note the implied referent of the relative pronoun: quod... quod... [hoc] rex est.

The vocabulary is keyed to the DCC Latin Vocabulary list. All the words in this poem are on that list:

What the sun is in the world (quod sol in mundo) and what the heart is in the body (quodque cor in corpore), the king is in the kingdom (rex est in regno), the light and the soul of his people (lux animusque sui populi).

animus -ī m.: spirit, mind
cor cordis n.: heart; cordī est, it is pleasing to (+ dat.)
corpus corporis n.: body
in: in, on (+ abl.); into, onto (+ acc)
lūx lūcis f.: light of day
mundus -ī m.: world, universe, heavens
populus -ī m.: people
que (enclitic) - and
qui quae quod: who, which, what / quis quid: who? what? which?
rēgnum -ī n.: kingship, kingdom
rēx rēgis m.: king
sōl sōlis m.: sun
sum, esse, fuī: be, exist
suus -a -um: his own, her own, its own