Thursday, April 7, 2011

About the English Essays: Latin Without Latin

I'm writing these English essays for people who have no knowledge of Latin but who would like to learn something about Latin and Latin poetry. Of course, the essays might also be of interest to people who are students of Latin as well! Here are the essays I've written so far:
  1. Homicidium (John Owen)
  2. Cursu Praetervehor Omnes (Camerarius)
  3. Sic Transit Gloria Mundi (Rollenhagen)
  4. Multorum Disce Exemplo (Cato)
  5. Cynthia (Van Vlaenderen)
  6. In Mortis Diem Omnibus Incertum (Thomas More) 
  7. Prudentia (Fabricius) 
  8. Ne Simus Loquaces (Verinus) 
  9. Cycnus (Martial) 
  10. Vincere Venerem (medieval rhyme) 
  11. Sapientia et Stultitia (Appendini) 
  12. Adversis Succumbens (Andrelinus) 
  13. Beatus (Owen) 
  14. In Spe et Labore (Rollenhagen) 
  15. Ultro Se Voluere Capi (Camerarius) 
  16. Rusticus Est Vere (medieval rhyme) 
  17. O Dives, Dives! (medieval rhyme) 
  18. Virtutes Cardinales (Cato Bernardinus) 
  19. Iustitia (Fabricius) 
  20. Phoenix (Camerarius) 
  21. Finis ab Origine Pendet (Rollenhagen) 
  22. Omnia Mea Mecum Porto (Rollenhagen) 
  23. Deus et Homo (Owen) 
  24. Senex et Iuvenis (Cato) 
  25. Themis, Suada, Minerva (Dunbar) 
  26. Spes Alit Agricolas (Rollenhagen) 
  27. Semper Pauper Eris (Martial) 
  28. Croesus et Irus (Owen) 
  29. Partes Anni (Glandorp) 
  30. Fallit Imago Sui (Camerarius) 
  31. Iram Prudentia Vincit (Camerarius) 
  32. Omnia Vincit Amor (Heinsius) 
  33. Amator (Owen) 
  34. Epistola Amatoria (Owen) 
  35. Nox et Amor Vinumque (Florilegium Gottingense) 
  36. Dulcius Nil Puto (medieval rhyme) 
  37. Nescio Quid Sit Amor (medieval rhyme) 
  38. Iupiter (Van Vlaenderen)
  39. Ob Amorem (Thomas More) 
  40. Procul a Iove  (Reusner)
  41. Si Sciens Fallo (Rollenhagen) 
  42. Terror et Error (Camerarius) 
  43. Sat Mihi Sat (Owen) 
  44. Aurora Musis Amica (Nihus - Christenius) 
  45. Manus Manum Lavat (Rollenhagen) 
  46. Pasiphae (Grotius) 
  47. Herus, Servus; Filia, Mater; Pater, Filius (Moker) 
  48. De Parvis (Rollenhagen) 
  49. Fructus Veritus (Owen) 
  50. Ad Calvum (Owen) 
  51. Laudo Capillos (Nihus - Ravisius Textor) 
  52. Auctores (Appendini) 
  53. Non Amo Te (Martial) 
  54. Ede Tua (Martial) 
  55. Zoilus (Carolides) 
  56. Petito (Cato) 
  57. Ad Amicam Absentem (Owen)
Reading out loud: Please read out loud! It's easier than you might expect. There are no silent letters in Latin, and it is very phonetic, which means it is easy to pronounce. Just make sure you pronounce every consonant and every vowel; you can find out more about Latin pronunciation here: Introduction to Latin Pronunciation. Note that Latin does have some diphthongs, a single vowel sound that is written with two vowels; the most common is the ae combination, and you can find out more about the diphthongs here. The word stress is either on the second- or third-syllable from the end, so for the words that are three syllables or longer, I've marked the stress with an accent mark. For words that are two syllables long, the stress has to go on the first syllable.

Meter: Yes, these poems are written in meter, although I have not commented on that in my essays. If you read Latin out loud with the word stress, you will be learning a lot, and if you later go on to learn Latin, you can learn about the quantitative vowel system which provides the basis for the classical Latin meters.