This particular poem is from a collection of distichs by Georg Fabricius, Poetae Singulis Distichis Descripti, published in 1546. As the title reveals, the book contains distichs which describe various poets, but there are also distichs on other topics, too, such as the Muses, the Sibyls, and famous historical figures. This particular distich is from the series describing Roman generals; the poem is by Antonius Carchesius.
Cognita bella, mea quae gessi plurima dextra,
Inde mihi Magni nomina Roma dedit.
The vocabulary is keyed to the DCC Latin Vocabulary list. All the words in this poem are on that list, except for two proper names:
Pompeius - Pompey, called Pompey the Great, Pompeius Magnus
Rōma f. - Rome
bellum -ī n.: war
cōgnōsco -ere -gnōvī -gnitum: learn, understand
dexter -tra -trum: right (opp. sinister -tra -trum, left)
do dare dedī datum: give
ego me mihi mē: I, me
gero gerere gessī gestum: bear, manage; bellum gerere, wage war
inde: from there, from then
māgnus -a -um great
meus -a -um: my
nōmen -inis n.: name
plurimus -a -um: the greatest number of, very many; plurimī, most people
qui, quae, quod: who, which, what; quis quid: who? what? which?