Sunday, July 31, 2011

De Principe Bono et Malo

This is one of the Latin epigrams of the Renaissance scholar and Catholic saint, Sir Thomas More.

De Principe Bono et Malo
Quid bonus est princeps? Canis est custos gregis, inde
Qui fugat ore lupos. Quid malus? Ipse lupus.

The vocabulary is keyed to the DCC Latin Vocabulary list. There are two words in this poem that are not on the DCC list:

grex (gregis, m.): flock, herd
lupus (lupī, m.): wolf

bonus -a -um: good
canis -is m./f.: dog
cūstōs, cūstōdis m.: guardian
dē: down from, about, concerning (+ abl.)
et: and
fugō -āre: put to flight
inde: from there, from then
ipse ipsa ipsum: him- her- itself
malus -a -um: bad, evil; male: (adv.) badly
ōs ōris n.: mouth, face
prīnceps -cipis: first, chief
qui quae quod: who, which, what / quis quid: who? what? which?
sum, esse, fuī: be, exist

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