Thursday, March 22, 2012

Iudicis auxilium...

Here is today's distich by Cato (so-called), 3.16, with English translations by Duff and Chase.

Iudicis auxilium sub iniqua lite rogato:
Ipsae etiam leges cupiunt ut iure regantur.


When sued unjustly to the judge apply;
The Law's intent is wrong to rectify.
(Chase)

If sued unfairly, ask the judge for aid:
The very laws would fain be justly swayed.
(Duff)

The vocabulary is keyed to the DCC Latin Vocabulary list. There are only two words in this poem that are not on the DCC list:

inīquus -a -um - unequal, unjust, unfair
līs, lītis f. - lawsuit, quarrel

auxilium -ī n.: support, assistance; (pl.) auxiliary forces
cupio -ere -īvī -ītum: desire
etiam: also, even
ipse, ipsa, ipsum: him- her- itself
iūdex iūdicis m.: judge, juror
iūs iūris n.: right, justice, law
lēx lēgis: f. law
rego regere rēxī rectum: guide, rule
rogo -āre: ask
sub: under, close to (+acc. or abl.)
ut, uti: as (+ indic.); so that, with the result that (+ subj.)



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